Distance from Rhodes City: 8Km Add your review about Filerimos
Filerimos is situated near the village of Trianta, standing on the very site where the Doric city of Ialyssos once flourished. When the Dorians arrived around 1100 BC, Ialysos became member of the alliance known as the Dorian Hexapolis. Archaeologists came across the necropolis of ancient Ialisos between Trianta and Filerimos.
In 1876 excavations, brought to light Mycenaean pottery, a Doric foundation and a Hellenistic temple of Athena Polias proof of the prosperity of the city down to the time when Rhodes city was founded in 408 BC. In the middle age the Knights of St. John used the site of Ialissos. Later it passed on to the Ottomans and finally to the Italians.
Remnants of these periods and vestiges of the long succession of conquerors can still be seen. On the way up the ancient road to the Acropolis, one comes accross the foundations of the temple of Zeus and Athena. On top, there stands beautiful church, dedicated to Holy Mary. This Monastery was destroyed during the Ottoman period and rebuilt by the Italians who had Capuchin monks estabish on the premises. It is to them that this lovely complex owes the lovely walkways and quite corridors. The monks also contrived an exquisite liquor recipe, based on a mixture of seven, locally-found herbs (hence its name of «Sette Erbe» = Seven Herbs) still available at the local canteen.
The Hydrobiological Station of Rodos is located in the northern part of the island and was constructed during 1934-1936, initiating its activities in 1937. In 1945 it was incorporated as a peripheral station of the Greek Hydrobiological Institute under the supervision of the Athens Academy.
Is has been operating as an Aquarium-museum and research unit since 1963. It belongs to the National Centre for Marine Research (NCMR) which is developing its research activities in oceanography, fisheries and inland waters corresponding institutes. The NCMR falls under the supervision of the General Secretariat of Research and Technology belonging to the Ministry of Development.
Its research aim is to develop and disseminate scientific knowledge on the marine environment and its conservation, by means of the following activities:
- Oceanographic research in the Aegean and Mediterranean Seas
- Study and conservation of endangered aquatic species
- Rescue – treatment – rehabilitation – release of aquatic animals in distress
- Co-operation with other research and educational institutes
- Provision of training and consultancies concerning sustainable management of the marine environment
- Training of students on specialised subjects
- Educational activities aiming at awaking environmental awareness of secondary stage pupils
- Transfer of knowledge concerning the marine environment to specific public groups by organising specialised lectures and seminars.
- Development of know-how in the field of aquariology
The main activity object of the HSR is to exhibit within its museum a comprehensive collection of live marine organisms, taxidermal specimens, large fishes and sea monsters in addition to a large collection of scientific instruments.
Drawing on its research background and on the laboratory and the scientific support of the NCMR in Athens, the station promotes its prescience in the region by confronting the major problems within the sensitive area of the Dodecanese.
The Aquarium is located in the basement of the Hydro Biological Station and offers the visitors the chance to have a close up view of the marine life of the Eastern Mediterranean, providing the impression of being underwater. With its open water circulation system, supplying 40 tanks with a total capacity of 75000 liters, the Aquarium provides natural living conditions for a wide range of interesting specimens of Mediterranean organisms such as reefs, sea flowers, octopuses, clams, decapods, turtles and numerous fishes.
Rodini Park has probably been the first landscaped park in the world. It was still popular with the Romans who even enriched the features of the complex with an aqueduct. The park has been arranged along a natural stream. This is an ideal environment for the peacocks which live and breed freely in the park. It’s a pleasure to come here, to get a respite from the heat of the day. Enjoy the cool walkway leading along the bank of the stream.
A walk of about 10 minutes will bring you to a tomb carved into the rock. The tomb, dating from the Hellenist period and featuring a decoration of 21 Doric half-pillars – is known as the tomb of the Ptolemies.
Seven Springs (Epta Piges)
Distance from Rodos City: 30Km Add your review about Seven Springs (Epta Piges)
One of the most charming destinations on Rhodes, Seven Springs offers a cool, magical landscape, a real oasis, even in the heat of high summer, a charming retreat in the most lavish of Mediterranean greens. Water flows out of the springs all year around, which forming a small lake. You get to the lake by walking through a narrow 186m-long tunnel. The lake remains replenished thanks to a dam built by the Italians, in order to provide the nearbyt settlement Kolympia with fresh water.
The area of Seven Springs and the nearby forests are suitable for walking.
Distance from Rodos City: 26Km Add your review about Tsambika Monastery
The road to Tsampika monastery turns off the main road, some meters before the turn to Tsambika beach. The road leads half of the way up on the hill. From this point on, you will have to walk up the hill, following the 350 steps. On the top of the hill you will find the tiny, Byzantine church, dedicated to the Virgin. It’s perched at an altitude of some 300 m featuring some truly spectacular views on the coast, both north over Kolymbia and south over Tsambika beach and all the way to Lindos, which makes the strenuous effort uphill definitely worth a try!
The legend has it that women facing difficulties in conceiving should climb the hill barefooted to pray the Virgin for fertility and that most of the times, faith is compensated and wishes fulfilled. If so, the bit to be born to such mother is to be named «Tsampikos» whereas the girl «Tsampika». For those still sceptical on the veracity of this lore, we recommend that you experiment by merely calling such name in a busy street anywhere on the island: just count the number of heads turning to you for cognizance! Tsampikoses and Tsampikas have their name’s day on the 8th of September.
Valley of Butterflies
Distance from Rodos City: 27Km Add your review about Valley of Butterflies
On the western side of the island of Rhodes, approximately five kilometers south east from the village of Theologos (or Tholos), there lies the Valley of the Butterflies (Petaloudes). This is one of the most attractive destinations on the island. During August, thousands of butterflies of the genus Panaxia (species Quadripunctaria Poda) swarm into the valley in order to reproduce. During the rainy period, the Butterflies, still in the caterpillar stage, remain in the Mediterranean thicket (arbutus, myrtle and rush) feeding on the foliage. As the end of the wet season approaches, towards the end of May, the final stage is concluded and the butterfly in all her perfection makes her appearance in the form recognizable to us all. They move constantly towards areas of highest humidity is greatest, always following the “water ways”, as the dry period progresses, they finally arrive at the valley.
Unfortunately, over the last few years the population of the Panaxia has been constantly in decline, due to several factors, one of the most important being the disturbance by visitors. The butterfly has an atrophic peptic system, meaning has no stomach. From May until the mating period (for the males), and until the egg lying period (for the females) they do not eat. They survive from the energy stored from their previous lives as caterpillars. The disturbance of visitors is forcing the butterflies to fly all day, consuming valuable energy. Visitors should not be denied the enjoyment of viewing the butterflies at rest, but it is prohibited to disturb them in any way (hand clapping, whistling etc).