The City of Rodos
The city of Rodos was founded in 408 BC, when the citizens of Ialysos, Lindos and Kamiros decided to build a strong new island capital. The city plans were drawn up by Hippodamous and Rhodes was soon admired as one of the most beautiful cities of the period. The new city quickly developed into a financial and cultural centre, but by the time it became a Roman and later a Byzantine dominion, it has lost its ancient glory.In 1309 the Knights of Saint John conquered Rhodes and they built strong fortifications, transforming it into a thriving multinational medieval city. In 1523 Rhodes was dominated by the Ottoman Turks and the Greeks had to settle outside the walls, where they created the new districts known as “Marasia”.
In 1912 Rodos, as well as the whole of the Dodecanese, was occupied by the Italians. The new rulers enhanced the architecture of the city with magnificent buildings, wide roads and squares.
It was not until 1948 that Rhodes officially became a part of Greece. The modern city of Rhodes is one of the biggest municipalities in the Greek islands.
It is the financial and cultural centre of the south-eastern Aegean and successfully combines a lively present with a rich historical past. There are many reasons why Rhodes is one of the most popular resorts in the Mediterranean: the natural surroundings (crystal clear seas, many parks and recreational facilities), the bright sun and the warm hospitality of the islanders themselves.
The city has an excellent tourist infrastructure and offers a wide variety of entertainment (night-life, sports, cultural events, day trips to wonderful Lindos and neighbouring islands).
Finally, visitors have the opportunity to learn something of the eventful history of the city, by visiting the museums or going sightseeing.